The Ferrari 308 GTB berlinetta and targa topped 308 GTS are V8 mid-engined, 2-seater sports cars manufactured by the Italian company Ferrari from 1975 to 1985. The 308 replaced the Dino 246 GT and GTS in 1975 and was updated as the 328in 1985. The similar 208 GTB and GTSwere equipped with a smaller initially naturally aspirated, later turbocharged 2-litre engine, and sold mostly in Italy.
The 308 had a tube frame with separate body. The 308 GTB/GTS and GT4 were mechanically similar, and also shared much with the original Dino. Both 308s sit on the same tube platform, however the GT4—being a 2+2—has a longer wheelbase. The engine was a V8 of a 90 degree configuration, with belt-driven twin overhead camshafts per cylinder bank. It was transversely mounted in unit with the transaxle transmission assembly, which was below and to the rear of the engine’s sump. All models used a fully synchromesh 5-speed manual and a clutch-type limited slip differential. Suspension was all-independent, comprising double wishbones, coaxial coil springs and hydraulic dampers, and anti-roll barson both axles; four wheel vented disc brakes were also fitted. Steering was unassisted rack and pinion.
The 308’s body was designed by Pininfarina’s Leonardo Fioravanti, who had been responsible for some of Ferrari’s most celebrated shapes to date such as the Daytona, the Dino and the Berlinetta Boxer. The 308 used elements of these shapes to create something very much in contrast with the angular GT4. GTS models featured a removable roof panel with grained satin black finish, which could be stowed in a vinyl cover behind the seats when not in use.
Two years later, at the 1982 Paris Motor Show, Ferrari launched the 308 quattrovalvole, in GTB and GTS form. The main change from the 308 GTBi/GTSi it succeeded were the 4-valves per cylinder—hence its name, quattrovalvole, literally “four valves” in Italian—which pushed output back up to 240 hp (179 kW) restoring some of the performance lost to the emission control equipment.
The new model could be recognized by the addition of a slim louvred panel in the front lid to aid radiator exhaust air exit, power operated mirrors carrying a small enamel Ferrari badge, a redesigned radiator grille with rectangular driving lights on each side, and rectangular (in place of round) side repeaters. The interior also received some minor updates, such as a satin black three spoke steering wheel with triangular centre; cloth seat centres became available as an option to the standard full leather. Available included metallic paint, a deep front spoiler, air conditioning, wider wheels, 16-inch Speedline wheels with Pirelli P7 tyres, and a satin black roof aerofoil (standard on Japanese market models).
Apart from the 32-valve cylinder heads, the V8 engine was essentially of the same design as that used in the 308 GTSi model. ITotal displacement was 2,926 cc (179 cu in), with a bore and stroke of 81 mm (3.2 in) x 71 mm (2.8 in). Output on European specification cars was 240 PS (177 kW; 237 bhp) at 7000 rpm, and 235 PS (173 kW; 232 bhp) at 6800 rpm for US specification variants. The gear and final drive ratios were altered to suit the revised characteristics of the four valves per cylinder engine. One other significant benefit of the QV four valve heads was the replacement of the non-QV models sodium valves which have been known to fail at the joint
between the head and the stem. Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection and Marelli Digiplex electronic ignition were carried over from the GTBi/GTSi. All US market examples were fitted with catalytic converters.
Federalized 1985 Ferrari 308 GTS Quattrovalvole
The 288 GTO introduced in 1984 is considered as the first Ferrari supercar. The 288 borrowed much of the styling from the European 308 GTB QV of the previous year, 1983: it is also powered by a similar debored 2.8-litre V8 (but with turbochargers), it retained the general bodywork lines with extended wheelarches, different side air vents, and bigger rear spoiler, longer (5 inch) wheelbase, and the central tubular space-frame chassis.
In 1985 Ferrari launched the 328, which replaced the Quattrovalvole. Between 1982 and 1985 the model was produced in a total of 3042 GTS and only 748 GTB examples.
Today’s 308 is great and lives up to Kyoshos standard of decent models. I do have to complain of decal and prancing horse placement on the hood and grill “not centered” but it’s a toy so ok. I love the details and paint on the car. It’s worth having this car if you are a child of the 80s magnum pi :) I know GTS but close enuff.
Info from wiki
Thanks for looking
Me and the wife watched Chris Tiff and some other dude finally get all the hyper cars together and flog them. The wife says P1 all the way :) anyway great video check it out on YouTube if you are into hyper cars.